INTAGLIO DI GRYLLOS

AA-PRO-17143
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GRENADE CARVING DEPICTING GRYLLOS 1st century BC - 1st century AD A convex oval-shaped carving in purple grenade, an engraving depicting a gyrillos, a complex figure obtained by the fusion of the body of a butterfly, the muzzle of a capricorn and two bird legs. Extremely valuable intaglio Gryllos...
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GRENADE CARVING DEPICTING GRYLLOS 1st century BC - 1st century AD A convex oval-shaped carving in purple grenade, an engraving depicting a gyrillos, a complex figure obtained by the fusion of the body of a butterfly, the muzzle of a capricorn and two bird legs. Extremely valuable intaglio Gryllos is a term, handed down from ancient literary sources, with which a kind of grotesque and caricatural representation was designated, on the precise nature of which various hypotheses were formulated. According to a passage by Pliny, the creator of this genre would have been the painter Antiphilos, who would have painted in playful squares with curious and composite figures, derived from an Egyptian buffoonish dance, the gryllos. These gems had a magical-ritual meaning. Declaration to the Archaeological Superintendence of Bologna Cod. RPS 120/2014 GRENADE INTAGLIO WITH A GRYLLOS Imperial Period, I century BC Convex oval stone, engraved with the figure of a gryllos: interlinked body of a butterfly and a goat head. Glyptic, or "glyptic art", covers the field of small carved stones, including cylinder seals and inscriptions, especially in an archaeological context. Though they were keenly collected in antiquity, most carved gems originally functioned as seals, often mounted in a ring; intaglio designs register most clearly when viewed by the recipient of a letter as an impression in hardened wax. A finely carved seal was practical, as it made forgery more difficult - the distinctive personal signature did not really exist in antiquity. 0-100 AD Height 1.2 cm; Width 1 cm