CRATERE APULO A FIGURE ROSSE

AA-PRO-11419
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APULUS RED-FIGURE CRATER Greece, 390-370 BC Apulian red-figure krater with distinct everted lip with rounded rim, bell-shaped body, rod handles set horizontally and twisted upwards, echinus foot with edge at the upper face. Accessory decoration: Olive leaf branch under the lip; attachment of the...
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APULUS RED-FIGURE CRATER Greece, 390-370 BC Apulian red-figure krater with distinct everted lip with rounded rim, bell-shaped body, rod handles set horizontally and twisted upwards, echinus foot with edge at the upper face. Accessory decoration: Olive leaf branch under the lip; attachment of the handles decorated with a series of rays, under the handles double palmette open between spiral spirals, under the two figured scenes meander interrupted by a cross motif framed between two thin spared lines. Main Decoration: Side A) In the field, a central female figure seated and gradient on the left, holding up her right hand with a raised right hand. The woman is dressed in a long pleated chiton adhering to the body shapes, stopped on the shoulders with two fibulae and at the waist by a belt, hair styled with kekryphalos, the rich clothing is completed by necklace, earrings and bracelets. On the left a young ephebe completely naked with the exception of the cloak which he drapes around his left arm and falls in flounces up to his feet, the young man has the muscles perfectly outlined, he wears a golden tiara in the curly hair, the right arm raised and has a long stick in the left hand. On the right side a satyr standing and gradient on the left, is naked except for a short cloak that he wears on his shoulders, he has long beard and feral ears, he wears a tiara around his head, with his right hand raised he holds a flaming torch and on the left he carries a decorated cista Side B) Scene composed of four opposing figures: in the center naked ephebe with the muscles outlined, he is seated on a stool and gradient on the left, he has the cloak draped around his right leg and he holds a long stick with his right hand, a a diadem in his hair, in front of him a standing woman with a long draped chiton that reveals the shapes of the body, she wears pearl necklace, pendant earrings and bracelets, with her left hand she holds out a decorated phiale, an embroidered tapeworm hanging above them . On the right a standing man with his legs wrapped in the himation from which only the naked torso and the right arm resting on a long stick come out, a diadem on the head, in front of him a richly dressed female figure sitting with his right hand raised, she wears a long chiton, tiara and sakkos, necklace bracelets and earrings. More than half of the red-figure vases received can be attributed to Apulia: it is clear that, at least in the fourth century BC, there must have been numerous and significant workshops. At the base of the initial flowering of the Apulian red-figure pottery is the ever-decreasing export of Attic vases in the years of the Peloponnesian war, consequently the need to provide a substitute production that would adapt to the taste of the most demanding customers. Communication to the Archaeological Superintendence of Bologna. Cod. 83/2009 APULIAN BELL CRATER Apulian 390-370 BC A red figure bell crater with bell shaped body and stepped foot with flaring rounded base, flaring rim with rolled edge and two upturned horizontal handles, the decoration enlived with added white paint, side a) showing a central seated figure of a lady holding up a tyrsos, she wears a belted chiton, a kekryphalos around her hair and luxury jewels, on the left a young male figure depicted nude with a diadem in his hair and holding a stick, his himathion wrapped around his left arm, on the right side a nude standing satyr, with wreaths in his hair and holding a torch with right hand upraised. Side b) decorated with a nude seated youth holding up a stick, his himathion wrapped around his right leg, a woman behind him bending forward with a phiale, she wears a belted chiton, a kekryphalos around her hair and luxury jewels, on the right side a standing man with himathion wrapped around his legs resting on a stick, in front of him a seated lady wearing long chiton, diadem an sakkos headdress, necklace, earrings and bracelets. During the late fifth and fourth centuries AD, an intense production of particular ceramic objects, known as "Apulian red-figured pottery", is attested in Apulia, a region in the Southern Italy. The main feature of this pottery typology is related to the particular decorations: red-colored figures that stand out from a "black gloss" background, on which white and / or yellow-colored decorative motifs are painted sometimes. If the production technology seems to inherit the consolidated acknowledges of the Attic ceramists about red-colored figures wares, the Apulian pottery presents peculiar stylistic and decorative features. This pottery was mostly produced for local markets. Only few pieces have been found outside Southern Italy and Sicily. The first workshops were founded in the mid-5th century BC by Attic potters. Soon, local craftsmen were trained and the thematic and formal dependence on Attic vases overcome. Towards the end of the century, the distinctive "ornate style" and "plain style" developed in Apulia. Cod. 83/2009 Height 44 cm; Diameter 42 cm